How Does Cocaine Affect the Body?
If a person uses a small amount of cocaine they might feel energetic, euphoric and mentally alert. Appetite might be temporarily reduced, and it might be difficult for the person to fall asleep. As far as the physical body is concerned, cocaine raises blood pressure, constricts blood vessels, increases body temperature and causes the heart to beat more quickly. If a person uses a large amount of cocaine in one sitting, they might feel anxious, paranoid and restless. They might experience dramatically increased heart rate and blood pressure, and start shaking uncontrollably. Cocaine overdose is also a possibility. People who overdose on cocaine ingest too much of the drug in one sitting, and the majority of cocaine-related deaths are due to seizures or cardiac arrest.
The long-term effects of chronic cocaine use can be severe. Over time the brain adjusts to the presence of the drug and reward pathways become less sensitive to naturally occurring reinforcements. This can lead to the development of certain psychological disorders, namely depression and anxiety. Physical tolerance develops with repetitive use, meaning a larger quantity of cocaine is required in order for the desired effects to be produced. As tolerance develops, withdrawal symptoms begin to take hold and it becomes increasingly difficult for a person to quit without professional help. If you have been experiencing the symptoms associated with cocaine dependence and withdrawal, Guardian Recovery Network is available to help.
Does Cocaine Show Up On a Drug Test?
If you have recently used cocaine and you are planning on taking a drug test, there is a good chance the drug will show up regardless of which type of test you take. Cocaine can show up on a standard urine test for up to three days, a saliva test for up to two days, and a hair test for months or years, depending on the length of time you were using the drug. If you are taking a blood test, cocaine can be present for between 12 and 48 hours depending on the amount taken.