Types of Depressive Disorders
Major Depressive Disorder – Also known as major depression, this commonly diagnosed disorder affects roughly 16.2 million American men and women every year. People suffering from major depressive disorder experience symptoms of depression on a daily or near daily basis for the majority of the day.
Seasonal Depression – This type of depression generally affects people in the winter months, when the days get shorter and colder. A lack of sunlight can actually lead to depression, and people who are suffering from seasonal depression tend to sleep long hours and experience a significant lack of motivation.
Persistent Depression – Someone who is struggling with persistent depression will experience the symptoms of depression for two years in a row or longer. The symptoms of persistent depression might not be as severe, but they can still interfere with the ability to take care of daily tasks or function at a high level.
Situational Depression – Situational depression results from a significant life event, such as the loss of a loved one, going through a messy divorce or losing a longtime career. A person who is suffering from situational depression might be prescribed a short-term dose of an antidepressant medication in order to help facilitate the healing process.
Psychotic Depression – A person who is suffering from psychotic depression experiences many of the symptoms associated with major depression along with paranoia, delusions or auditory and visual hallucinations.
Manic Depression – Also known as bipolar disorder, manic depression is characterized by cyclical periods of mania and depression. A person might feel very happy for roughly a week and extremely depressed immediately afterwards. Depressive episodes often last significantly longer than manic episodes.